If Plan S fails to grow, it could remain a divisive mandate that applies to only a small percentage of the world’s scientific papers.
Plan S requires immediate OA; it also insists that authors retain copyright and that hybrid journals, which charge subscriptions but also offer a paid OA option, sign “Transformative agreements” to switch to fully OA. Some European funders think Plan S goes too far.
The country is Europe’s top producer of scientific papers, ahead of the United Kingdom and France, whose main funding agencies have signed on to Plan S. Germany’s biggest federal funding agency, DFG, said it supports Plan S’s goals but prefers to let researchers drive the change.
Spain’s science ministry says it is analyzing the potential repercussions of Plan S on the country’s science and finances, and on researchers’ careers.
The commission’s research chief, Carlos Moedas, supports Plan S, and its 7-year funding program Horizon Europe, which will begin in 2021, contains general statements of support for OA. Plan S’s rules will go into the program’s model contract for grants, Smits says.
“China needs to contribute to international open access [and] open its research results to its own people,” says Zhang Xiaolin of Shanghai-Tech University in China, who chairs the Strategic Planning Committee of the Chinese National Science and Technology Library.
Outside Europe and North America, funders gave Science mixed responses about Plan S. India, the third biggest producer of scientific papers in the world, will “Very likely” join Plan S, says Krishnaswamy VijayRaghavan in New Delhi, principal scientific adviser to India’s government.
This article was summarized automatically with AI / Article-Σ ™/ BuildR BOT™.